The "Cream" of All Vedic Literature:
Translation and commentary by Srila A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Canto 2, Ch.6. text 43-45
अहं भवो यज्ञ इमे प्रजेशा
दक्षादयो ये भवदादयश्च ।
नृलोकपालास्तललोकपाला: ॥ ४३ ॥
ये यक्षरक्षोरगनागनाथा: ।
ये वा ऋषीणामृषभा: पितृणां
अन्ये च ये प्रेतपिशाचभूत-
कूष्माण्डयादोमृगपक्ष्यधीशा: ॥ ४४ ॥
यत्किंच लोके भगवन्महस्व-
दोज:सहस्वद् बलवत् क्षमावत् ।
तत्त्वं परं रूपवदस्वरूपम् ॥ ४५ ॥
ahaṁ bhavo yajña ime prajeśā
dakṣādayo ye bhavad-ādayaś ca
ye vā ṛṣīṇām ṛṣabhāḥ pitṝṇāṁ
anye ca ye preta-piśāca-bhūta-
yat kiñca loke bhagavan mahasvad
ojaḥ-sahasvad balavat kṣamāvat
tattvaṁ paraṁ rūpavad asva-rūpam
aham — myself (Brahmājī); bhavaḥ — Lord Śiva; yajñaḥ — Lord Viṣṇu; ime — all these; prajā-īśāḥ — the father of the living beings; dakṣa-ādayaḥ — Dakṣa, Marīci, Manu, etc.; ye — those; bhavat — yourself; ādayaḥ ca — and the bachelors (Sanat-kumāra and his brothers); svarloka-pālāḥ — the leaders of the heavenly planets; khagaloka-pālāḥ — the leaders of space travelers; nṛloka-pālāḥ — the leaders of mankind; talaloka-pālāḥ — the leaders of the lower planets; gandharva — the residents of Gandharvaloka; vidyādhara — the residents of the Vidyādhara planet; cāraṇa-īśāḥ — the leaders of the Cāraṇas; ye — as also others; yakṣa — the leaders of the Yakṣas; rakṣa — demons; uraga — snakes; nāga-nāthāḥ — the leaders of Nāgaloka (below the earth); ye — others; vā — also; ṛṣīṇām — of the sages; ṛṣabhāḥ — the chief; pitṝṇām — of the forefathers; daitya-indra — leaders of the atheists; siddha-īśvara — leaders of the Siddhaloka planets (spacemen); dānava-indrāḥ — leaders of the non-Āryans; anye — besides them; ca — also; ye — those; preta — dead bodies; piśāca — evil spirits; bhūta — jinn; kūṣmāṇḍa — a special type of evil spirit; yādaḥ — aquatics; mṛga — animals; pakṣi-adhīśāḥ — giant eagles; yat — anything; kim ca — and everything; loke — in the world; bhagavat — possessed of bhaga, or extraordinary power; mahasvat — of a special degree; ojaḥ-sahasvat — specific mental and sensual dexterity; balavat — possessed of strength; kṣamāvat — possessed of forgiveness; śrī — beauty; hrī — ashamed of impious acts; vibhūti — riches; ātmavat — possessed of intelligence; adbhuta — wonderful; arṇam — race; tattvam — specific truth; param — transcendental; rūpavat — as if the form of; asva-rūpam — not the form of the Lord.
I myself [Brahmā], Lord Śiva, Lord Viṣṇu, great generators of living beings like Dakṣa and Prajāpati, yourselves [Nārada and the Kumāras], heavenly demigods like Indra and Candra, the leaders of the Bhūrloka planets, the leaders of the earthly planets, the leaders of the lower planets, the leaders of the Gandharva planets, the leaders of the Vidyādhara planets, the leaders of the Cāraṇaloka planets, the leaders of the Yakṣas, Rakṣas and Uragas, the great sages, the great demons, the great atheists and the great spacemen, as well as the dead bodies, evil spirits, satans, jinn, kūṣmāṇḍas, great aquatics, great beasts and great birds, etc. — in other words, anything and everything which is exceptionally possessed of power, opulence, mental and perceptual dexterity, strength, forgiveness, beauty, modesty, opulence, and breeding, whether in form or formless — may appear to be the specific truth and the form of the Lord, but actually they are not so. They are only a fragment of the transcendental potency of the Lord.
Those in the list given above, beginning from the name Brahmājī, the first living creature within the universe, down to Lord Śiva, Lord Viṣṇu, Nārada and other powerful demigods, men, supermen, sages, ṛṣis, and other lower creatures of extraordinary strength and opulence, including the dead bodies, satans, evil spirits, jinn, aquatics, birds and beasts, may appear to be the Supreme Lord, but factually none of them is the Supreme Lord; every one of them possesses only a fragment of the great potencies of the Supreme Lord. The less intelligent man is surprised to see the wonderful actions of material phenomena, as the aborigines are fearful of a great thunderbolt, a great and gigantic banyan tree, or a great lofty mountain in the jungle. For such undeveloped human beings, merely the slight display of the Lord’s potency is captivating. A still more advanced person is captivated by the powers of the demigods and goddesses. Therefore, those who are simply astonished by the powers of anything in the creation of the Lord, without any factual information of the Lord Himself, are known as śaktas, or worshipers of the great powers. The modern scientist is also captivated by the wonderful actions and reactions of natural phenomena and therefore is also a śakta. These lower-grade persons gradually rise to become saurīyas (worshipers of the sun-god) or gāṇapatyas (worshipers of the mass of people as janatā-janārdana or daridra-nārāyaṇa, etc., in the form of Gaṇapati) and then rise to the platform of worshiping Lord Śiva in search for the ever-existing soul, and then to the stage of worshiping Lord Viṣṇu, the Supersoul, etc., without any information of Govinda, Lord Kṛṣṇa, who is the original Lord Viṣṇu. In other ways some are worshipers of race, nationality, birds, beasts, evil spirits, satans, etc. The general worship of Śanideva, the lord of distressful condition, and Sītalādevī, the goddess of smallpox, is also common to the mass of people, and there are many foolish men who worship the mass of people or the poor class of men. So different persons, societies and communities, etc., worship some of the potent manifestations of the Lord, wrongly accepting the powerful object as God. But in this verse it is advised by Brahmājī that none of them is the Supreme Lord; they are only borrowed plumes from the original Almighty Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa. When the Lord advises in Bhagavad-gītā to worship Him alone, it is to be understood that worshiping Lord Kṛṣṇa includes worshiping all that is mentioned, because He, Lord Kṛṣṇa, includes everyone.
When the Lord is described as formless in the Vedic literatures, it is to be understood that all these forms mentioned above, within the experience of universal knowledge, are different exhibitions of the Lord’s transcendental potencies only, and none of them factually represents the transcendental form of the Lord. But when the Lord actually descends to the earth or anywhere within the universe, the less intelligent class of men also mistake Him to be one of them, and thus they imagine the Transcendence to be formless or impersonal. Factually, the Lord is not formless, nor does He belong to any of the multiforms experienced within the universal forms. One should try to know the truth about the Lord by following the instruction of Brahmājī.
Would you like to experience INDIA, land of the mystics?
Teachings of the Yogis
Since ancient times, before modern recorded history, saintly persons and mystics of India, took instruction and guidance from the flawless Vedas. Spiritual enlightenment was considered the whole purpose of the human experience. Below, you will experience a sample of those infallible books of wisdom. "Opening our eyes with the torchlight of knowledge."
The great sage Sukadev Goswami narrating the Srimad Bhagavatam to the dying king, Maharaj Pariksit, 5,000 years ago. This "cream of all Vedic wisdom," was completed in 18,000 verses.
The sage Srila Vyasadev,
who compiled all the Vedic literature.
In India, there are two kinds of transcendentalists - the impersonalists and the personalists. Both of them accept the authority of the Vedic literatures, although they have their own interpretations. Both of them also accept, that to realize the Absolute Truth and become an enlightened or a self-realized soul, one has to become detached from the material world, and practice a daily sadhana, that leads one to purification of consciousness and attachment to the Supreme.
Several times a week, we will post here, a different teaching out of a great Vedic literary work called the Bhagavat Purana, or the Srimad Bhagavatam, originally compiled in 18,000 perfect Sanskrit verses. It is known by learned transcendentalists as the "cream" of all Vedic literature. The translation with commentary will be presented by that foremost Vedic scholar of the modern age, His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. (Copyright: Bhaktivedanta Book Trust). We are sure you will enjoy its wisdom and step by step guidance of applictaion, to better understand one's own postion in this material world, and how to get out of the clutches of illusion or maya.
Finally, what becomes a priority in any enlightened soul's life, is how to proceed straight on the path to transcendence, and emacipaton from these worlds of birth and death. The ultimate goal of every transcendentalist is to return to our original position in that great anti-material realm of eternity, full knowledge, and full bliss - sat cit ananda.
Om Tat Sat
Hearing from the lips of a pure devotee is very potent for advancing in spiritual life
You are listening to...
Song: Prayers to
the Six Goswamis, sung by
His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, came to the USA by the frighter ship Jaladuta, back in 1966. He came to fulfill an ancient prophecy, that a devotee "general"
would appear and spread the teachings of Bhagavad-gita all over the world.